Gonorrhoea is an infection caused by a bacteria (Neisseria gonorrhoea) spread by unprotected sexual contact and sharing sex toys.

It is a common infection; it usually occurs in the genitals but can also be found in the throat, rectum or eyes.

How is it passed on?

If one partner is infected, the germ can be passed during unprotected vaginal anal or oral sex and sharing sex toys. The bacteria can be passed from an infected mother to her baby as it passes down the birth canal, this usually causes an eye infection. Practising safer sex and using a condom with your partner reduces the risk. Reducing the number of partners you have sex with also reduces the risk of being infected.

What are the signs and symptoms?

Often there aren’t any symptoms, but it can cause:


  • pain when you pee
  • discharge from the penis
  • pain or tenderness in the testicles


  • unusual vaginal discharge
  • lower abdominal pain or tenderness
  • irregular bleeding
  • pain when you pee

How will you know if you have Gonorrhoea?

You can only be certain you have Gonorrhoea if you have a check up. You can get checked out by your GP, your local Pharmacist  or at your local sexual health clinic.

How do you get tested?

Getting tested is simple and involves either a urine sample or a swab to take a sample of cells from the vagina or penis. Testing kits are available from Pharmacists that you can do at home yourself, this involves providing a urine or swab sample which you can post or take to the clinic for testing. If you go to your GP or a sexual health clinic  for testing your nurse or doctor at the clinic will take a swab and a sample of urine.

What is the treatment?

Gonorrhoea is easy to treat with antibiotics. If you’re worried visit your local sexual health clinic.

Is there anything I can do myself?

The best way to prevent all sexually transmitted infections, including Gonorrhoea is to practise safer sex. This means using a condom for vaginal or anal sex or a condom or dental dam for oral sex. Reducing the number of partners you have sex with also reduces the risk of being infected.

For further information on Gonorrhea vist health Scotland here: www.healthscotland.com